By John R. Bentley
The oldest written degree of the japanese language types the topic of John Bentley's very important quantity. The underlying texts (also offered the following) are these of the spiritual liturgies (norito) and imperial edicts (A.D. 685). half one bargains with the liturgies, the writing process, texts, and phonology and the relationship challenge. the most chapters of the publication are an outline of nominals, verbs, verbal suffixes, auxiliary verbs, debris, and conjunctions. A bankruptcy at the lexicon, detailing many hapax legomena and engaging phrases, makes this right into a significant reference paintings on early eastern.
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Additional resources for A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's Japanese Studies Library)
Having conducted my own textual analysis of the liturgies, I found a definite split in the orthography. I believe that these two groups of liturgies came from two different sources (perhaps the imperial library, and the Ise Shrine archives), the imperial liturgies having come from a very old document. The etymological spellings in the liturgies reflect this split. I then checked the etymological spellings of various particles and the conjugation of verbs and adjectives (what I term stative verbs).
OJ Vowels and Sino-Xenic Data distinction in OJ (cf. Miyake 1995, 1996, 1999). SV is important for our discussion, because Vietnamese historically had a rich vocalism, and preserved various otherwise lost distinctions of Old Chinese. According to a study conducted by Han (1966:7, 9), Vietnamese has eleven simple vowel phonemes, and the Hanoi dialect has six tones, while the Saigon dialect has five tones. Reconstructions of Proto-Viet-Muong also have eleven simple vocalic phonemes (Thompson 1976:1150).
To find the values of the vowels, we will first use the phonological values of reconstructed Chinese, because these sinographs were mapped onto the Japanese syllables. There has been some criticism in the past regarding this method of using earlier stages of Chinese to discover the earlier phonological values of Japanese. Miller soundly condemns this method, noting (1975:194), If we follow Pierson and Lange, we are asked to turn around in our steps and to use these same Chinese findings, incorporating as they do significant amounts of Japanese data, in order to solve historical problems in these same Japanese materials.
A Descriptive Grammar of Early Old Japanese Prose (Brill's Japanese Studies Library) by John R. Bentley