A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts - download pdf or read online

By William R. Elkins

ISBN-10: 0333174089

ISBN-13: 9780333174081

ISBN-10: 1349155349

ISBN-13: 9781349155347

Show description

By William R. Elkins

ISBN-10: 0333174089

ISBN-13: 9780333174081

ISBN-10: 1349155349

ISBN-13: 9781349155347

Show description

Read Online or Download A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts and Systems PDF

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Additional resources for A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts and Systems

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She wished to have been seeing the town. She wished to be seen in the town. She wished to have been seen in the town. To and a few other words that are usually Dp's can also function in another sort of V structure. In the utterances look for the books, look to the guns, look about the field, for example, for, to, and about do not signal a prepositional phrase but have an IC relationship with the preceding V form. Such words in this type of IC construction are termed particles, and should be considered part of the total V endocentric structure.

T-af ~ past + have + part. + see movie + sing. I + have + past + see + part. movie + sing. I had seen the movie. T-af ~ I + past + have + six + penny + pl. I + have + past + six + penny + pl. I had six pennies. I I T-af::} + + the + + the + + past + be + ing + go + to + the + + to + the + movie + sing. I + be + past + go + ing movie + sing. I was going to the movie. Generative-Transformational Grammar T-af ~ I I 57 + past + be + at + + be + past + at + I was at the movie. the the + + movie movie + + sing.

Sing. The double arrow after T-af is the standard symbol for transformation. As an alternative to the linear representation we have used so far, we can symbolize the working of rules and strings with a tree diagram. Each of the following trees illustrates the formation of one of the possible base patterns. The T-af and morphographemic strings follow each tree. 1. \ the + noun + sing. I I I the + boy + sing. Dn T-af ~ 2. the + + + + VP I~ + verbal 1 I Vi past + I I walk past tense + + boy + sing.

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A New English Primer: An Introduction to Linguistic Concepts and Systems by William R. Elkins


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