By Alex Kirlik
In way of life, and especially within the glossy office, info know-how and automation more and more mediate, increase, and infrequently even intervene with how people have interaction with their setting. tips to comprehend and help cognition in human-technology interplay is either a essentially and socially appropriate challenge. The chapters during this quantity body this challenge in adaptive phrases: How are habit and cognition tailored, or even ill-adapted, to the calls for and possibilities of an atmosphere the place interplay is mediated via instruments and expertise? The authors draw seriously at the paintings of Egon Brunswik, a pioneer in ecological and cognitive psychology, in addition to on glossy refinements and extensions of Brunswikian rules, together with Hammond's Social Judgment idea, Gigerenzer's Ecological Rationality and Anderson's Rational research. encouraged through Brunswik's view of cognition as "coming to phrases" with the "casual texture" of the exterior global, the chapters during this quantity supply quantitative and computational versions and measures for learning how humans come to phrases with an more and more technological ecology, and supply insights for aiding cognition and function via layout, education, and different interventions. The equipment, versions, and measures awarded during this booklet supply well timed and significant assets for addressing difficulties within the speedily starting to be box of human-technology interplay. The booklet should be of curiosity to researchers, scholars, and practitioners in human elements, cognitive engineering, human-computer interplay, judgment and choice making, and cognitive science.
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Additional info for Adaptive perspectives on human-technology interaction : methods and models for cognitive engineering and human-computer interaction
In L. Kruger, G. Gigerenzer, & M. S. ), The probabilistic revolution: Volume 2. Ideas in the sciences (pp. 49–72). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. , & Kurz, E. M. (2001). Vicarious 23 functioning reconsidered: A fast and frugal lens model. In K. R. Hammond & T. R. ), The essential Brunswik: Beginnings, explications, applications (pp. 342–347). Oxford: Oxford University Press. , Todd, P. , & the ABC Research Group (Eds). (1999). Simple heuristics that make us smart. New York: Oxford University Press. Goldstein, W.
In particular, Rothrock and Kirlik (chapter 10) present a method for inferring rule-based heuristics from people’s judgments. These simplified, noncompensatory strategies are more plausible descriptions of people’s judgment processes, especially when people are time-stressed or otherwise facing cognitive limitations. Similarly, Campbell, Van Buskirk, and Bolton (chapter 11) investigate the use of fuzzy logic for modeling people’s judgments and decisions. Introduction to Brunswikian Theory and Method Micromediation: Breaking Down the Cognitive Process into Its Component Parts Still other chapters are more explicit in attempting to flesh out the process detail of people’s adaptation to the environment.
Therefore, Brunswik thought mediating processes to be a difficult and unpromising area for research. In his early writings, he suggested that a classification of the kinds of distal objects “attained” by an organism would provide a description of its abilities and performance, and he favored the pursuit of such inventories over the investigation of mediating processes. Brunswik’s later writings, on the other hand, did acknowledge the study of mediating processes as important, but his enthusiasm for the subject remained restrained, and he urged psychologists to keep research problems in perspective.
Adaptive perspectives on human-technology interaction : methods and models for cognitive engineering and human-computer interaction by Alex Kirlik