By G. Hauke
This publication provides the principles of fluid mechanics and delivery phenomena in a concise approach. it's compatible as an creation to the topic because it includes many examples, proposed difficulties and a bankruptcy for self-evaluation.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena (Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications)
3 (Streamline). The streamline is the line tangent at every point to the velocity vector. 4 Streamlines, Trajectories and Streaklines 21 v v v Fig. 6. The streamline is tangent to the velocity vector at every point. 4 (Trajectory). The trajectory or path is the track followed by a ﬂuid particle. Fig. 7. Trajectory. The ﬂuid particle follows the plotted line. 5 (Streakline). The streakline is the geometric place occupied by ﬂuid particles that have passed by the same point at previous times. Fig.
Therefore, this chapter introduces the main forces that for engineering purposes act upon a ﬂuid, namely, body forces, surface forces and surface tension. The concept of static pressure is also explained. 1 Introduction Eventually, we are interested in describing transport phenomena in moving ﬂuids. In classical mechanics, a motion is described by the second law of Newton. For example, the acceleration a of a particle of mass m subject to external forces F is given by F = ma Therefore, to determine the motion of the ﬂuid, we need to know the forces that act upon the ﬂuid particles.
It represents the amount of that property that crosses the surface S per unit time. For example, for the property mass, mass per unit mass is the unity, φ = 1, and the mass ﬂow rate deﬁnition is recovered. The volumetric ﬂux is recovered for φ = 1/ρ. For the ﬂux of internal energy, the internal energy per unit mass is φ = e, where e represents the speciﬁc internal energy. 6. Note that for a positive ρφ, the convective ﬂux is positive for outgoing ﬂow (v · n > 0) and negative, for incoming ﬂow (v · n < 0).
An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena (Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications) by G. Hauke