By Viveka Velupillai
This transparent and obtainable creation to linguistic typology covers all linguistic domain names from phonology and morphology over parts-of-speech, the NP and the vice chairman, to uncomplicated and complicated clauses, pragmatics and language swap. there's additionally a dialogue on methodological matters in typology. This textbook is the 1st creation that constantly applies the findings of the World Atlas of Language Structures, systematically contains pidgin and creole languages and devotes a bit to signal languages in every one bankruptcy. All chapters comprise a variety of illustrative examples and particular characteristic maps. key terms and workouts aid overview the most subject matters of every bankruptcy. Appendices offer macro info for the entire languages brought up within the booklet in addition to an inventory of websites of typological curiosity. an in depth word list supplies at-a-glance definitions of the phrases utilized in the ebook. This advent is designed for college students of classes with a spotlight on language range and typology, in addition to typologically-oriented classes in morphology and syntax. The e-book also will function a consultant for box linguists.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Linguistic Typology
Yǐ ‘chair’ b. yí ‘to suspect’ d. yì ‘meaning’ (Li & Thompson 1990:â•›814) As (5) shows, the choice of tone (indicated on the vowel by the diacritics ˉ, ́,â•›ˇ and ̀ respectively) is an essential part of conveying the meaning of the word in Mandarin. Furthermore, if we base our hypothesis on Mandarin only, we might assume that copying parts of the word, a process called reduplication, is an essential requirement for a language to be able to form adverbs from adjectives: Mandarin (Sino-Tibetan (Chinese): China) (6) màn ‘slow’ → màn-màn-de ‘slowly’ (Li & Thompson 1990:â•›821) Both tone and reduplication are largely irrelevant for the linguistic system of English.
The tool includes a guide on how to use it as well as such information as, for example, how to generate one’s own maps. â•‡ Introduction Throughout the book I have included what I think of as ‘curiosity boxes’, that is, little insets bringing up rare phenomena or otherwise eye-catching issues not discussed in the text. These boxes are meant as glimpses of the fascinating mosaic that human languages have to offer. In order to make these ‘curiosity boxes’ immediately accessible, I have given the affiliation and location of each language mentioned in the box, irrespective of whether this macro-data has already been provided in the text.
An example of such an isolate is Basque (Spain). Since there are hundreds of language families in the world, and even more genera that belong to these families, it would be impossible to list them all here. 1 (ordered roughly by size):7 6. It is not possible to give an exact definition of what a language versus a dialect is. A common rule of thumb is that languages are not mutually intelligible, while dialects are. It is important to keep in mind that this is a matter of degree. Furthermore, extra-linguistic factors such as political borders also play a role.
An Introduction to Linguistic Typology by Viveka Velupillai